20th anniversary of the Coordination Center for
TLD .RU/.РФ

News

About the Center

The Coordination Center was established by the Russian Association of Networks and Services (RANS), the Union of Internet Operators, the Regional Public Center of Internet Technologies and the Russian Institute for Public Networks (RIPN) in 2001 as a non-profit organization.

In 2015, the Russian Ministry of Communications and Mass Media and the Internet Development Institute also became founding members.

The domain name registration system was reorganized in Russia when Coordination Center was established: the national registry’s administrative and technical functions were separated; the work process with end users was updated; a new cooperation protocol for system users was introduced; and the legislative and regulatory foundation of the new registration system was developed.

More: https://cctld.ru/en/about/

History

2020

June 3, 2020 – The Russian Federation whose powers and authority are carried out by the Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor) became a founding member of the Coordination Center for TLD .RU/.РФ

May 12, 2020 – The first national Cyrillic domain .РФ turned 10 years

2019

July 2019 – The Coordination Center for TLD .RU/.РФ hosts the Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF 2019) in Vladivostok

June 10, 2019 – The Union of Internet Operators, one of the founders of the Coordination Center, ceases to exist

April 2019 – The 10th Russian Internet Governance Forum

April 7, 2019 – The 25th anniversary of .RU Russian ccTLD

2018

2018 г. – Coordination Center for TLD RU/РФ hosts the CENTR Jamboree conference and the third Eastern European DNS Forum.

2016

February 2016 – Coordination Center Deputy Director Irina Danelia elected to CENTR Board.

2015

2015 – The Coordination Center’s new Charter is adopted. New organizations are added to the list of founding members – the Russian Ministry of Communications and Mass Media and the Internet Development Institute – bringing the total number to six.

2012

2012 – The Coordination Center introduces the practice of cooperation with competent organizations to identify violations on the internet. These organizations provide the Coordination Center and its accredited registrars with information on websites with illegal content, cases of phishing, unauthorized access to information systems, and the spread of malware from domains registered in .РФ and .RU.

October 2012 – The Coordination Center creates a research platform to collect and analyze information about malicious resources. A year later, the Netoscope informational and analytical website is launched. It has the latest updates on the spread of cyberthreats on the internet and malicious resources. The data are provided by the project participants.

May 2012 – The Coordination Center and Rostelecom launch the Explore the Internet & Govern It educational internet game at the Sviaz Expocomm 2012 exhibition. The social project aims to improve young people’s internet literacy, making use of problems, arcade games, puzzles, quizzes and trivia to explain the opportunities provided by the global network to children and teenagers and the internet’s basic structure and operating principles.

2011

September 5, 2011 – The Coordination Center together with the Technical Center of Internet and Openstat launch a unique project: the Domains of Russia statistical website with the daily updated statistics on various aspects of the Russian internet segment’s operations.

2010

June 28, 2010 – The Board of the Asia Pacific Top Level Domain Association (APTLD) approves the Coordination Center’s application to join the APTLD as an associated member.

May 2010 – The first Russian Internet Governance Forum (RIGF) takes place. At the forum, a discussion on the further development of the internet in Russia was held, involving government agencies, the telecommunications professional community, businesses, and civil society. In addition, the Virtuti Interneti award (for contributions in the internet sphere) was established: the only one in the Runet. It has been awarded to representatives of the internet community, business people, academics and officials who made a significant contribution to the development of the Runet and the global internet.

May 12, 2010 – IANA posts a record about .РФ on the root servers of the global domain name system (DNS): the .РФ domain is delegated to Russia and the Coordination Center administers two national TLDs: .RU and .РФ

April 7, 2010 – The Russian Ministry of Communications and Mass Communications and the Coordination Center sign a cooperation agreement to govern the .РФ ccTLD.

February 1, 2010 – The first license agreement is signed between the Coordination Center and the Technical Center of Internet on the maintenance of the TLD main registry and the registration system. Previously, the service was provided by the Russian Institute for Public Networks (RIPN).

January 21, 2010 – ICANN approves the Coordination Center’s application for .РФ, the new Cyrillic ccTLD.

2009

February 18, 2009 – The Coordination Center signs a cooperation agreement with the Russian Ministry of Communications and Mass Media.

2008

2008 – The Coordination Center launches the TLDCON annual international conference for ccTLD registries and registrars of CIS, Central and Eastern Europe. Issues related to the development of the internet and cooperation between ccTLD and gTLD registries and registrars are actively discussed at the conference.

2007

April 2007 – The Coordination Center becomes a member of ccNSO (country code Names Supporting Organization) – an organization comprised of and established for TLD administrators in order to develop policies and address global tasks related to the proper use of ccTLDs within ICANN.

March 25, 2007 – The Coordination Center formalizes its relationship with ICANN via an exchange of official letters.

2006

January 4, 2006 – The Coordination Center’s information is recorded in the IANA database.

2003

2003 – The Coordination Center begins to actively participate in the activities of CENTR (Council of European National TLD Registries), the association of national European registries. CENTR plays an important role in representing the interests of European ccTLD registries at the global level.

2002

2002 – The Coordination Group adopts a decision on voluntary dissolution and transfers its functions to the Coordination Center.

2001

June 1, 2001 – The distributed registration system begins operations. RIPN transfers its second-level domain name registration functions to independent companies professionally engaged in domain registration for .RU. RIPN’s subsidiary company RU-CENTER becomes the first registrar in January 2001, shortly followed by Garant-Park-Telecom.

2001 – The Coordination Center is established by the Russian Association of Networks and Services (RANS), the Union of Internet Operators, the Regional Public Center of Internet Technologies and the Russian Institute for Public Networks (RIPN).

1994

April 7, 1994 – An entry on the .RU Russian ccTLD is made in IANA’s international ccTLD database.

1993

December 4, 1993 – The Agreement on the .RU Zone Administration Procedure is signed, the functions of administration and technical support of the .RU ccTLD are transferred to RIPN, and the Coordination Group for ccTLD .RU is established.

Domain development

2007
1 000 000
domains in .RU
2008
1 500 000
domains in .RU
2009
2 000 000
domains in .RU
2010
3 000 000
domains in .RU
2012
4 000 000
domains in .RU
2015
5 000 000
domains in .RU
2010
700 000
domains in .РФ
2015
865 000
domains in .РФ
2016
900 000
domains in .РФ
2021
RU
5 029 972
Domain names in .RU

The total number of domain names in .RU

РФ
681 941
Domain names in .РФ

The total number of domain names in .РФ

Registrars

In 1998, the Russian Institute for Public Networks (RIPN) and the .RU Coordination Group began discussing “the creation of a domain registrar association.”

In fact, this meant establishing an institute of registrars: a pool of independent companies doing business by registering domains in ccTLDs. Since the .RU ccTLD was registered in 1994 and until 2009, RIPN served as a list of domain registrars. In 2009, these functions were transferred to the newly established Technical Center of Internet.

The trial operation for the distributed registration system ended in 2004. By the end of the year, domains were registered in the national domain zone by six registrars.

93
Registrators
Total number of registrars

In 2005, RIPN ceased to function as a domain name registrar. At the end of 2005, the Russian registration system completed its transformation, and on January 4, 2006, this was completely formalized. Changes were made to the IANA database record, according to which the .RU domain was now administered by the Coordination Center, and technical support was provided by RIPN.

The number of accredited registrars has reached 93 this year. These are companies located in 12 Russian cities, including Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Perm, and Kaliningrad; a lot of them develop their own partner networks (usually involving internet and hosting providers and web studios) providing services all across Russia. This means that any user interested in registering a domain can easily receive this service.

The Coordination Center is not a registrar and it is impossible to directly register domain names with it; it only sets the policy on domain name registration in the TLDs it administrates.


Directors

Maria Stepanova

Coordination Center director, 2001-2005

Maria Stepanova, the first director of the Coordination Center, graduated from MEPhI. Before the Coordination Center was established, she took part in creating Relcom, the first Russian computer network; worked on the National Electronic Library project, and consulted RIPN on issues of international cooperation. In recent years, she has managed project activities, participated in the development of large IT projects, and now works in a Rostelecom subsidiary.

Andrey Romanov

Coordination Center director, 2005–2009

Several important processes that became the foundation for the center’s activities today took place when Andrey Romanov was the director. This is when the distributed registration system was formed and developed, agreements were signed with ICANN and the Russian Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media, and work began to launch the first Cyrillic domain, .РФ. Now Andrey Romanov is Deputy Director of the Coordination Center.

Andrey Kolesnikov

Coordination Center director, 2009–2015

Andrey Kolesnikov was one the most active members of the Coordination Center Council for a long time. Creation of the first Cyrillic ccTLD, .РФ, in 2010 was the most important and notable event of his tenure at the Coordination Center. Today Andrey Kolesnikov is the head of the Internet of Things Association that unites companies introducing and promoting IoT solutions in various sectors of the economy.

Andrey Vorobyev

Coordination Center Director since 2015

Andrey Vorobyev has headed the Coordination Center for six years and worked in the domain industry for 20 years, including the Coordination Center. Before the Coordination Center, Andrey Vorobyev worked at RIPN, and later at RU-CENTER, one of the largest domain registrars, where he was PR and GR director. He took an active part in launching .MOSCOW and .МОСКВА geographic TLDs.

Photos

Congratulations

VIET NAM INTERNET NETWORK INFORMATION CENTER

Patrik Fältström

Technical Director and Head of Security Netnod

Enkhbold Gombo

CEO, ccTLD .MN Registry and Datacom LLC

George Pongas

GoDaddy Registry | Senior Director, Corporate Affairs and Business Development

.ME team

Pensri Arunwatanamongkol, .TH

Joel Disini, .PH

Yudho Giri Sucahyo

President of PANDI (.id Registry)

Brent Carey

InternetNZ, Domain Name Commissioner

Abdulrahman Al Marzouqi

Director Cyber Security, Policy Programs Department

Yuri Takamatsu

JPRS (Japan)

On behalf of .GI - Desiree Miloshevic

ai-chin

.tw

Norman Warput

Telecommunications, Radiocommunications and Broadcasting Regulator (TRBR)

Anisone Kingsada

Director of Country Code Top Level Domain Name .LA Division Lao National Internet Center

Events

RIGF 2021

7-9 апреля

RIF 2021

19-21 мая

TLDCON 2021

сентябрь

RIW 2021

ноябрь-декабрь

Премия Рунета

ноябрь-декабрь